June of 1989, Jens L. List, Jr. purchased 153 acres that is now
Double Bar S Ranch in Moreno Valley, California. Since the passing
of Jens in November of 1996, his wife Sharon and daughters Rhonda
and Dawn run Double Bar S Ranch. The Ranch is mainly utilized
for racehorses, including breeding, training, and lay-ups. The
153 acres that makes up the total area of the ranch are divided
into a 5/8 mile racetrack, 11 large pastures ranging from 15-25
acres, 34 large grass paddocks and over 100 smaller turnout pens.
When filled to capacity the ranch can accommodate 750 animals
but usually carries an average animal population of 350 horses.
Approximately 150 mares, 100 yearlings and 100 to 125 racehorses
in training can be found on the grounds the majority of the time.
There are also five stallions owned by Double Bar S Ranch.
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mares brought to Double Bar S Ranch for breeding purposes are kept
together in groups according to how far along they are in their
gestation periods. The majority of the mares are kept in the large
pastures some distance from the barns; exceptions are mares that
need special medical care or attention. As the mares progress through
their gestation period, they are systematically moved into 48 small
turnout pens near the mare barn. Within these small pens, the staff
can easily confirm when mares need to be brought into the barn to
prepare for foaling. The mare barn consists of 10 foaling stalls
and is completely enclosed. Once the mares are moved into the foaling
barn, they are watched by ranch staff 24 hours a day. Once the mares
foal, the pairs are turned into one of 50 pens set aside specifically
for mares and foals. When the foals are able and healthy, pairs
will be turned back into the large pastures to graze.
mares needing to be bred, the ranch utilizes 40 outdoor-lighted
pens to bring them into season. This collection of smaller pens,
along with 34 grass paddocks allows the ranch to keep animals
or groups of animals well-separated and organized.
All of the stallions are kept in the stud barn and are each brought
out once a day to either graze or swim. The studs are turned out
in grass paddocks which are 150 ft. x 90 ft. to graze and exercise,
or they swim approximately 10 laps in the pool.
Double Bar S Ranch is fully equipped with a lab for collection
and evaluation of semen and to perform embryo transfers. During
breeding season, the staff breeds up to 32 mares a day when necessary.
All breeding and reproductive operations are overseen by our onsite
veterinarian and our breeding crew.
barns on Double Bar S Ranch vary greatly in overall size but are
identical in their structure. All of the barns are built on a cement
platform, with stalls completely made of wood. The buildings all
have open tile roofing. The ranch currently utilizes four barns,
all of different sizes: The mare barn has 10 stalls, the training
barn has 54 stalls, the stud barn has 10 stalls and the quarantine
barn has 4 stalls. The List family is very pleased with the structure
of their barns, commenting that they are very sturdy and efficient
for training horses.
The feed rations on Double Bar S Ranch vary for the mares and for
the horses in training. The entire staff of Double Bar S Ranch has
a role in overseeing that the feed rations are correct for all of
the animals on the ranch. The men of the feed crew are fundamental
in reporting any need for changes in the feed program for any particular
horse. They also report the need to move any mare that is being
dominated by other mares resulting in a possible situation where
an individual animal would be deprived of daily rations.
Care,Training Methods and Facilities
large asset that Double Bar S Ranch has to offer is its training
pool. This pool is a one-of-a-kind and is a highly advanced tool
for training and for rehabilitation. The distance around the outside
of the pool is 232 ft. with a 55 ft. diameter. The pool is 11 ft.
deep (at the deepest point) and holds 103,000 gallons of water.
Due to the size of the pool, it is kept full at all times as opposed
to many exercise tanks where the horse is led into an empty tank
and the water fills in around them. The pool is maintained constantly
with an automatic filtration system and is checked and cleaned manually
three times a week.
The animals are led down a mat-covered ramp into the pool. As
the horse descends into the water, the handler actually walks
over the entryway on an electronic bridge. Once the horse is submerged
deep enough that the animal is swimming, a groom will automatically
raise the bridge and ramp making the pool a closed circle. The
handler then walks on the outside of the pool with the horse for
the duration of the training or exercise session. The pool is
used for low impact work-outs. For most horses this is an effective
training method as the horses will come to enjoy their time in
the pool every day. The ranch staff makes a very strong point
that no horse is ever forced into the pool. Some unwilling participants
never do go for a swim and some go only after days of gentle coaxing,
but the pool is overall an enjoyable experience for the horses
once they become accustomed to swimming.
Bar S Ranch is also equipped with a 5/8 mile training track for
its racing stock. Following the purchase of the ranch in 1989,
one of the improvements made was increasing the distance of the
straight-away on the track. Now at 400 yards, this stretch enables
much more convenient and safe training for the Quarter Horses.
The surface of the track is topsoil, sand and redwood bark, on
a clay base with a six-inch cushion. Metal rails, designed to
breakaway if hit by a horse, surround the track on the inside
and outside. The vertical poles of the rail also serve as sprinklers
for the irrigation system, making even watering of the track easier
and eliminating the need for a water truck. The track is complete
with a four-horse starting gate.
Double Bar S Ranch encourages use of their training facilities
by allowing outside horses onto the ranch for a daily fee. These
animals are all supervised by Double Bar S Ranch staff.
Bar S Ranch is still family-owned and operated and employs a core
of approximately 25 people to keep things running smoothly. Included
on the payroll at Double Bar S Ranch are three maintenance employees
and two members of the feed crew. The racehorses are attended to
by a full time trainer and 15 full-time grooms. The brood mares
and stallions are attended to by one veterinarian and five-eight
grooms. Although each member of Double Bar S Ranch staff has their
own specific responsibilities, there is always a helping hand ready
from other areas of the ranch when necessary, a quality that lends
itself to assuring the ranch's success.